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PascAL – Patient simulation systems for surgical instruction and training

PascAL – Patient simulation systems for surgical instruction and training

In the joint junior research group PascAL engineers from ISTT and physicians from the Innovation Center Computer Assisted Surgery (ICCAS) at the Faculty of Medicine, Leipzig University, worked together to develop patient simulation systems for surgical instruction and training. For the project, the ISTT cooperated with the Heart Centre at Leipzig University and the ENT-Clinic at the University Hospital Leipzig.

Background

Surgery is a highly complex domain which requires outstanding performance of both surgeons and technology. An optimal diagnosis and treatment choice is hardly imaginable without modern medical engineering. However, new technologies bear new risks in human-machine interaction and pose new challenges to surgeons. The junior research group PascAL aims to develop new patient simulation systems. These systems shall be used for the training of complex surgical procedures as well as for emergency and stress situations in order to reduce the risk to patients.

Course of action

The five subprojects of PascAL were coordinated at ISTT by the junior group leader Andrej Machno. Two tandem projects with ICCAS physicians and ISTT engineers aimed to develop a simulation system for panendoscopy and one for minimally invasive aortic valve replacement, respectively. Another subproject aimed to examine the changes in the surgical specialist training due to the use of simulation technologies. Two more projects at HTWK Leipzig were conducted at the Laboratory for Biosignal Processing (LabP) and the Institute for Measuring and Control Technology (MSR): One focused on real-time processing of EEG and MEG signals and the other on intra-operative neuromonitoring on simulated nerve tissues.

Achievements

First prototypes of the simulation systems have been developed and subsequently will be validated by experienced surgeons. Furthermore, study concepts for analyzing the requirements on the need for training of residents were drawn up. Engineers at the Laboratory for Biosignal Processing (LabP) and the Institute for Measuring and Control Technology (MSR) realized the real-time processing of EEG and MEG signals and the intra-operative neuromonitoring on simulated nerve tissues.

Runtime: Januar 1, 2012 – December 31, 2014
Projec leadership: Prof. Dr. Werner Korb (ISTT), Prof. Dr. Andreas Dietz (ICCAS)
Members of staff: Claudia Bednarek (ICCAS), Franziska Busch (ICCAS), Joumanah Hafez (ICCAS), Ronny Höche (MSR), Christian Köhler, Andrej Machno, Gunnar Nitsche, Christof Pieloth (LaBP), Tobias Pilic, Rebecca Schweier

Project news

  • Interdisciplinary symposium on simulation in medicine (InSiM)

    Review: Symposium on Simulation in Medicine (InSiM)

    01.10.2014

    Joumanah Hafez and Christian Köhler presented our simulator for panendoscopy (project PascAL) at this year's InSiM, the interdisciplinary symposium on simulation in medicine, in Frankfurt am Main,...

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  • ISTT at the Open Day at the German Federal Government

    Review: Open Day at the German Federal Government

    01.09.2014

    TThe ISTT participated in the Open Day at the German Federal Government by presenting its simulators for panendoscopy and lumbar spine surgery at the Federal Ministry for Education and Research...

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  • PascAL Summer School 2014

    Retrospective: PascAL Summer School 2014

    08.07.2014

    In the first week of July, a summer school for the interdisciplinary junior research group PascAL (Patient Simulation Models for Surgical Instruction and Training) was held at ISTT. We invited three...

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Letzte Änderung: 16.1.2015
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